Water Resources Systems Planning and Management Book (PDF) by S.K.Jain and V.P.Singh – Free Download


In nature,
the water of right quality in right quantity is usually not available at the
right place at the right time. Sometimes, it is available at the wrong place and
at the wrong time and its quality and quantity are not what they should be.
Although in nutshell, this is the gist of the problem, this seemingly
innocuous, albeit naughty interplay of words fails to convey the gravity and
the magnitude of the problems that are caused by the mismatch between the
availability and the demand of good quality water. Nature can indeed be very
harsh and ruthless at times. However, a positive outcome of this mismatch is
the development of a wide range of tools and techniques for water resources
systems planning, development, operation, and management. The subject matter of
the book is divided into four parts.
The first
part, termed Preliminaries, contains four chapters. Introducing the basic theme
of the book, the first chapter provides an overview of the current status of
water resources utilization, and the likely scenario of demands in the near
future. The basic concepts, practical applications, and advantages and
disadvantages of systems analysis techniques are presented. Also provided is a
discussion of seven challenges for the water sector identified and debated in
recent international forums. Temporal and spatial hydrologic analyses require
extensive data. An understanding of how this data is measured and how the
processing of this data is done is important before undertaking any water
resources systems analysis.
Chapter 2
presents techniques of observing and processing the data used in water
resources systems. The discussion is extended to emerging techniques in
Chapter 3.
These techniques are Remote Sensing, GIS, Artificial Neural Networks, and
Expert Systems. These techniques are versatile, highly useful, and are playing
increasingly  important role in water
resources planning and management.
Chapter 4
discusses statistical tools for deriving the desired information from these
data, including commonly used probability distributions, methods of parameter
estimation, regression and correlation analysis, frequency analysis,
time-series analysis, and transition matrices and Markov chains. Part 2 of the
book deals with Decision Making which is a bouquet of techniques organized in 4
and simulation techniques are discussed in Chapter 5. Most of the analysis
dealing with planning and management of water resources systems is carried out
using these techniques. Besides technical aspects, economic analysis is
essential to rank the various competing projects and the subsequent approval by
the decision-maker.
 Chapter 6 dwells upon the techniques of economic
analysis. During recent years, environmental and social aspects, and rehabilitation
and resettlement of project-affected people have come to occupy a central stage
in planning as well as management of water resources projects. It is now recognized
that these projects may have a lasting impact on the social fabric of the area
concerned. It is, therefore, necessary that while planning as well as operating
a water resources system, adequate care and precautions are exercised so that
adverse impacts on the society and the environment are minimized.
These issues
form the subject matter of Chapter 7. Using basic analytical tools and the
knowledge of environmental and social aspects, the practitioner is required to
take a rational and balanced decision regarding design and management of water
resources systems. Since major inputs to a water resources system, such as
rainfall, meteorological variables, etc. are not deterministic, these systems
inherently have an element of risk.
The concept
of rational decision making and the associated elements, such as the concept of
risk, reliability, and uncertainty in water resources systems, are discussed in
Chapter 8. Part 3 of the book, comprising 2 chapters, deals with Water
Resources Planning and Development.
Chapter 9
discusses basic concepts of planning, classification and steps of the planning
process, integrated planning, institutional setup, public involvement, and
planning models.
 Chapter 10 discusses planning and sizing of  reservoirs, and approaches to compute the storage
capacity for conservation as well as flood control.
The fourth and last part of the book,
encompassing 4 chapters, focuses on Systems Operation and Management. After a
reservoir has been constructed, it is essential that it is managed in the best
possible way so that benefits can be maximized.
The techniques of reservoir operation are
discussed in Chapter 11. It includes a detailed discussion on conventional and
systems techniques for regulating a system consisting of reservoirs in series
and parallel and the application of various systems analysis techniques, such
as optimization and simulation. It also discusses real-time operation of
reservoirs and the logistics required. Many dams around the world are
experiencing a significant loss of their storage capacity every year due to
This topic is discussed in Chapter 12,
providing details of soil erosion and mathematical modeling of sediment
transport, empirical techniques as well as latest satellite data-based
techniques to assess reservoir sedimentation, methods to prevent the sediment
from entering a reservoir, and recovery of reservoir storage by flushing and
dredging. No analysis of water resources systems is complete without
consideration of water quality.
 Chapter 13 presents fundamentals of
measurement of water quality variables and modeling of water quality in rivers.
A river basin is the natural unit in which water occurs and currently a lot of
emphasis is being placed on holistic  management
of river basins.
Chapter 14, the final chapter, discusses
various issues related to management of a river basin. The discussion includes
integrated water quality and quantity management, water pricing, water rights,
inter-basin water transfer, decision support systems, privatization, and management
of intemational river basins.
1.         Introduction
to Water Resources Systems
2.         Acquisition
and Processing of Water Resources Data
3.         Emerging
Techniques for Data Acquisition and Systems Modeling
4.         Statistical
Techniques for Data Analysis
5.         Systems
Analysis Techniques
6.         Economic
7.         Environmental
and Social Considerations
8.         Rational
Decision Making
9.         Water
Resources Planning
10.       Reservoir
11.       Reservoir
12.       Reservoir
13.       Water
Quality Modeling
14.       River
Basin Planning and Management
* Above mentioned topics are main topics of this book and there are many
sub-topics under those. Please refer the Preview below for detailed contents *
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